MPs and Lords Database

Overview of Database Updates:

Our database is continuously updated in near real-time to reflect changes from national and by-elections, ensuring comprehensive coverage of all nationally elected and appointed members across the House of Commons, House of Lords, and Devolved Governments. It includes essential information such as parliamentary contacts, political party affiliations, gender, and significant roles like party leaders and cabinet members.

Election and Membership Details:

Members of Parliament (MPs) are elected typically every five years to represent constituencies, which are specific political areas. These members usually align with and actively promote political parties.

House of Lords:

Membership in the House of Lords is predominantly by appointment, with a minority being hereditary positions. Appointments are made by the King upon recommendations from the Prime Minister or the Appointments Commission. The Lords play a critical role in scrutinizing legislation proposed by the Commons, offering amendments, and can potentially halt legislation.

Devolved Governments:

Representatives in devolved governments are elected to serve in regional and constituency-specific roles:

Scotland: Members of the Scottish Parliament (MSPs)

Wales: Assembly Members (AMs)

Northern Ireland: Members of the Legislative Assembly (MLAs)

Government Formation:

Post-election, the party (or coalition of parties) with the majority forms the government, led by the Prime Minister or, in devolved regions, the First Minister. The largest minority party assumes the role of ‘The Opposition’, challenging the government on various issues and the enactment of laws.

Cabinet and Ministerial Roles:
In the House of Commons, some MPs are selected by the Prime Minister to serve on the Cabinet or Front Bench, tasked with overseeing Government Departments. These roles are crucial as they involve the political and strategic management of departments. It’s important to note that there are also Non-Ministerial Departments, such as HM Revenue and Customs (HMRC), which are administered by civil servants and designed to operate independently of political influence.

This database is an invaluable resource for those seeking detailed and up-to-date information on the UK’s parliamentary members and their roles within the government structure.